Adult weight: Males = 400-500 grams; Females = 400-600 grams
span: Usual = 10 years;
Body temperature: 96.8 -100.4F
Heart rate: 100 beats/minute
Puberty: as early as 3 months, usually 6 -10 months
Estrous cycle: usual 40 days; range 16 - 69 days
Litter size: average 2; range 1-6
Litters per year: 2
Birth weight: 35 grams or more
Eyes open: yes
Wean: 6-8 weeks
They come in many different colors, including white, ebony, beige, standard grey, sapphire, violet and many combinations of these.
Their normal litters consist of 1-3 kits.
Their gestation period is an average of 111 days.
The name 'Chinchilla' comes from a South American Indian tribe and means Little Chinta.
Chinchillas typically weigh between 1 and two pounds.
They have between 80-100 hairs per follicle, making their coat too thick for fleas.
They do not bathe in water, but dust instead. They will flip, roll, dig and play merrily in their quest to be clean.
Chinchillas will breed about twice a year.
Chinchilla babies are called kits and are born with their eyes open, fully furred, and ready to go!
Chinchillas will do what's called a fur slip and release a patch of fur if they are frightened. It is designed to help them escape the grasp of a predator. It will grow back and does not harm the chinchilla.
They live an average somewhere between 10-20 years.
They prefer temperatures under 75F and will easily overheat in warmer climates.
The most common type of chinchilla found in the domestic and pelt scenes are the Lanigera species.
Chinchillas are nocturnal, meaning they sleep during the day and come out to play at night.
Their teeth grow continuously throughout their lifetime so it's important that they have wood and other materials to wear them down on.